Moscow, March 12 — “News. Economy” In recent years, under the leadership of Apple CEO Tim cook Apple is gradually increasing its spending on research and development of new technologies, and now she has one of the best programs in the world.

As cook recently stated to shareholders at the annual meeting, Apple is making big bets on future technologies, some of which may pay off and others don’t. To this end, the researchers are working on various projects, from driverless cars to new computer chips and software for devices augmented reality.

The company has not always had paid such great attention to the research. In the past, instead of developing their own technology, Apple often took third-party technologies and integrated them into their products. These graphs illustrate how Apple changed their attitude to R & d (R&D):

Apple has been increasing its investment in research.

Shayanne Gal/Business Insider

Steve jobs, as we know, Apple cut the budget for research and development when he returned to the company in the late 1990-ies. Since then, however, the iPhone maker has increased its research budget each year.

In the last fiscal year Apple spent on research and development of $14.2 billion Is more than the entire income of Apple 15 years ago.

But part of the income, which allocates research and development, over time has varied.

Shayanne Gal/Business Insider

At the turn of the century Apple have sent more than 5% of revenue on research and development, trying to recover from his unfortunate experience in the late 1990-ies, when the company was on the verge of collapse. These investments have led to a number of hits for the iPod and iTunes, and then iPhone and iPad — which has transformed the business and turned Apple into a technological giant.

The growth of Apple’s sales, R & d investment is not in proportion was not increased in fiscal year 2012 the company allocated to the study, only 2.1% of its revenue. Since then, however, the company gradually allocates a greater share of revenue on research and development. For the last fiscal year Apple spent 5.4% of its revenue on research and development, which is the highest percentage in 13 years.

Apple spends less on R & d other IT companies

Shayanne Gal/Business Insider

Despite the increase in spending on research, Apple on this indicator lags behind many competitors in the field of high technologies. Companies like Facebook, Google and even Netflix, spending on research and development much higher proportion of their income than Apple.

Of course, what is considered spending on research and development, can vary greatly between companies and even within them. In the Apple division includes working on the creation of a private car and development of computer chips for future devices. In the Facebook engineers who configure the existing features in its social networking service.

Apple R & d is comparable to the largest companies in importance

Shayanne Gal/Business Insider

Apple may lag behind the colleagues in the high-tech sector according to the size of the share of revenue allocated to research and development. But the significance of the developments Apple is in the spotlight. Apple spends more on research and development than General Motors and GE, and almost as much as IBM. While all these companies have a longstanding reputation in their research programs.

Apple in dollars spent on R & d more

Shayanne Gal/Business Insider

Budget Apple on research and development is really huge in dollar terms. This figure is more than the vast majority of companies inside and outside the technology sector.

The budget for research and development is currently one of the largest in the United States, competing only with other large technology companies

In the US, all basic R & d expenditures are concentrated in the technology sector. And Apple has taken its place among the largest investors, ahead of Facebook and starting to compete with Microsoft.

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