“Broad international cooperation” in the past. Because of the sanctions, because trade tariffs (which are one and the same), and most importantly, from increased international industrial and technological competition. And if we cannot convince our own examples, let’s at least look at the “leader of innovations” — the “Apple” of the Corporation that its entire business was built on the assumption that globalization is forever.”
Tape almost all world agencies spread “sensational news”: Donald trump thinking about the consequences of a trade war with China after a conversation with the head of Apple Inc. Tim Cook. The meeting itself took place on 16 August at the Golf club. And on Sunday, the White house confirmed the conversation. He also said that cook was able to “bring very good arguments” in favor of the fact that the new tariffs against Chinese goods may hurt to hit the “Apple” business.
The fact that import tariffs will fall dear to many iPhone lovers, and other products of the company, and some of them AirPods, Apple Watch and HomePod — since September 1, 2019. To MacBook and “Apple” smartphone case comes in December. At the same time the main competitor of Apple Inc. — Samsung Electronics — such difficulties will not experience Seoul and Washington signed a trade agreement last September.
Correspondents, of course, interested in the question, what’s next? As the Man-rate (as is often now called the American leader) will deal with the situation? Reuters Agency gives a very evasive answer of the President: “I’ll think about it.”
The news received such wide coverage for two reasons. First, it falls under the popular tag of “trade war”. Mainstream media never missed a day to criticize the White house for his tariff policy and trade-technological confrontation with China (as well as with Japan, the EU and many other countries). Secondly, we are talking about the cult of Apple products. Durnovskogo in the era of the iPhone, MacBook and smart watch with the “Apple” mark was a symbol of high technology, or, as we used to say until recently, innovation. And innovation American. It turns out, Holy Donald swung!
If you analyze this conflict on the basis of the neoliberal economic model, then it is guilty of “impossible trump” and agrees with him the populist nationalists in their bid for protection, new industrialization and technological sovereignty. All you need to solve the challenges facing Apple Inc. and fans of its products, is reset duties, to return to the principles of “free trade” and continue business as usual. It would be quite good in addition to expel Donald from the White house and to prohibit “all sorts” of populists and eurosceptics across the world.
However, electoral events 2016-2018 who made havoc in the ranks of the world’s liberal elite, was not the evil will of particular politicians. Changes in financial and economic policy in the leading economies of the West (and also India, Latin America and partly Asia) has demanded the voters who “free trade” and open borders was deprived of jobs, lifestyles and hopes for a better future. But most importantly: in the framework of the globalist model, humanity cannot advance to the next technological order and to start the development of new spaces — from the Arctic to near space.
You can argue long, whether it is possible in principle to solve the problem of industrial-technological progress forces, as the classic saying goes, “a uniform human hostel”. But, in practice, the middle of the second decade of the XXI century it became clear that the global authorities with this task simply failed.
The business model of transnational corporations (TNCs) are well suited for reducing costs, optimizing logistics and doshlifovke of existing technologies, but it does not imply the introduction of fundamentally new technologies.
Those in it simply don’t fit and even pose to its dominance of the danger. TNCs seek competitive advantage through the production of goods in one place, selling it in the other taxes — in the third and storage revenue in the fourth. In this scheme there is no place for genuine innovation is only for tuning and marketing. Not going to invest in technological breakthrough and the global financial oligarchy. Her trade derivatives and emission control bring in much more money, and most importantly — power.
But as soon as there has been a race for new technologies and spaces of development, conflicts began to emerge along the familiar old boundaries — boundaries of national States and boundaries of their zones of influence. This does not mean that international cooperation and trade, in principle, do not exist. But each country for itself. In the Arctic and in high technology is pursued primarily by the national interest, rather than an abstract “global development”.
The intricacies of the Arctic race deserve a separate analysis. As for the sphere of the latest technologies (more precisely, its a small segment of computer and telecommunication equipment), here is a serious battle for the championship. Smartphones, laptops and other gadgets are just the tip of the iceberg.
Here the main bone of contention is the wireless communication of the fifth generation (5G). For dominance in this technology and for control of its standards (apparently, not global, and regional — Europe, Western hemisphere, Asia, Russia and Oceania) today unfolds an epic battle Chinese IT giant Huawei and U.S. companies. And the state actively participate in these battles. On the “invisible hand of the market” no one relies. We are talking about serious things.
Today many copies breaks around the so-called artificial intelligence. By and large, no one knows exactly what was going on. Not because of the public hiding something (although, of course, this can not be excluded), but because this is a new field of activity. All the world’s political leaders and most experts agree that the countries that have the advantage in this technology industry, will claim the role of the planetary rulers of destinies in the twenty-first century. This topic is also too broad to cover it in this article.
My only comment is that in 2019 no one thinks about how to create an AI within the framework of “global openness” or, as they used to say five years ago, “broad international cooperation”. Maybe that artificial intelligence eventually will be zilch (by the way, I am a big AI skeptic), but important here is a fact: the most promising breakthrough the industry became a field for “cooperation”, but the competition.
But let us return to the more clear to us matters. The smartphones that we all use. This world of palm, glossy designer online accessories, without which it can not imagine my life the so-called modern man. What we considered the most tasty fruit of globalization.
Yes, gadgets are only a tiny part of what can give us the latest technology, but in this narrow area has started a tough confrontation between national States and national manufacturers.
A modern smartphone is really a result of a wide international cooperation. But as soon as the industrial-technological competition began to gain momentum, it became clear that this is what makes the manufacturer vulnerable. The Chinese Corporation Huawei tried to separate from Google’s Android operating system. In response, the programmers China announced its own OC Harmony, however, the main problem East IT giant is that they need us (which is made in the USA) processors, mainly the production of Qualcomm. These “stones” are being built and the flagship of Samsung. Yes, the Chinese and the Koreans each month improve the performance of its own processors, but they are still dependent on Silicon valley.
Therefore (not for the sake of comrade XI, and in favor of Qualcomm) trump repeatedly extends a grace period of procurement for Huawei, although whether his will, he would long ago have cut off access to China for American high-tech. South Korea is temporarily located in the most advantageous position — and because went on a Donald the bargain, because it produces memory modules, which for 20 years successfully working in the computers and smartphones of all brands. But Samsung didn’t have long to rest on our laurels. If this vertically integrated semi-state Corporation did not acquire its own 7-nanometer production, it also inevitably fall under the steamroller of the new international technological order.
It is not only China and the United States. How is getting fierce international competition, can be judged from the escalating tariff standoff between Seoul and Tokyo. So-called trade war is being waged not just by Washington and Beijing, but also contenders for fourth, fifth or sixth place in the new economic, industrial and technological competition. Note that the Japanese-Korean conflict (unthinkable even five years ago) arose over the terms of mutual trade of the latest developments for the IT sector. As we said above, each protects its market, its products and its engineering and technology school.
Now I understand why Tim cook ran for help to Donald Trump, and he evasively promised to think about. Apple Inc., this “beacon of innovation” of the global world, was extremely successful at a time when the so-called broad international cooperation and proper marketing has promised the greatest benefit. The “bitten Apple” there is no domestic production is, by definition, had conceived his business model. If Huawei and Samsung has its own factories, all iPhone and other fancy gadgets brainchild of the late Steve jobs is a pure OEM production.
In fact, it’s not even an American product. That is, he could be considered American, while there were established the global boss of the international division of labor: there are ideas, and there is iron. But today it is one of the most vulnerable brands in the industry. No wonder that many characteristics of the smartphone from “an undoubted leader” classified.
About the latest series of iPhone more or less reliably known only that the new processor is made in Taiwan and the case, power supply and all the rest — in China. This Tim cook admitted!
If the most important (and expensive) components of the gadget was made in the US or in other Western countries, he would not risk be subject to import duties.
But even if Tarnowskie rates will bypass the Apple side, it will not save a favorite toy of the Russian ladies from a rise in price twice or even disappearance from the market in case of aggravation of geopolitical conflicts in the Asia Pacific region.
It’s in a past life the iPhone was “global” or “American”. In the new conditions, it without any quotes and exaggerations became Chinese (especially considering that the official name of Taiwan is Republic of China). We in Russia know, what is product creation “in a broad international cooperation”. Look at the problems that Moscow experienced with exporting the Superjet and fine-tuning of the MS-21 airliner! These aircraft “suddenly” from the Russian American steel. And manufacturers have to take immediate measures to “nationalize”.
And here absolutely fresh example. The latest Russian space telescope “Spektr-M” hardly was did not remain on paper because of the US refusal to supply carbon fiber materials for its production. Yes, the Japanese suppliers have expressed willingness to replace the production of their American counterparts. But what if Tokyo decides that the Russian satellite should leave on the Earth? For example, under the pressure of circumstances associated with the game of Washington, Tokyo and Seoul?
Yes, our R & d, but what difference does it make, if the implementation of the plans of designers the necessary purchases of materials and components, placed under sanctions? In this sense, sanctions and tariffs are absolutely equivalent. If your high tech and your breakthrough projects dependent on the supply potential of competitors, then expect trouble.
“Broad international cooperation” in the past. Because of the sanctions, because trade tariffs (which are one and the same), and most importantly, from increased international industrial and technological competition. And if we cannot convince our own examples, let’s at least look at the “leader of innovations” — the “Apple” of the Corporation that its entire business was built on the assumption that globalization is forever.
You can not say with certainty that in the end will respond to trump on the “convincing arguments” cook, but I suspect that he will be given a period of grace during which Apple Inc. to move production of its “miracle of technology” in the United States. Or to announce the closing of a business.
The point of view of the author do not necessarily reflect those of the publisher.
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