From the first hundred of the largest revenue companies in Russia 72 have head offices in Moscow. The lion’s share of the proceeds of the pillars of the domestic business — Gazprom, LUKOIL, Rosneft, Sberbank, Russian Railways, Rostec, VTB and others somehow connected with the capital. In this case, the role played by oil and gas companies, mainly registered in Moscow. News.ru understood what causes this situation, and how useful (or harmful) to the economy as a monstrous concentration of leading companies in one, albeit the most important city of the Russian Federation.
In Moscow it is concentrated 80% of all financial flows from Russia, said once the mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin. According to him, “it is due to this synergy, Moscow helps the whole country to implement the world’s largest projects”, living with her same goals, hopes, aspirations.
Example of the United States
Meanwhile, in the United States there is an absolutely different picture. For example, according to a study by Forbes, the leading American corporations fairly evenly distributed across the country: among the Top 50 in new York (the business capital) placed their head offices only twelve — JP Morgan chase, Citigroup, AIG, IBM, Verizon, MorganStanley, MetLife, Pfizer, Pepsi, American Express, NewsCorporation, PhilipMorris.
But other giants of American business “registered”, if I may say so, in the province of: generalelectric companies in Falfield, Connecticut, ExxonMobil in Irving, Texas, WellsFargo, San Francisco, California, Chevron in San Ramon, California, Walmart in Bentonville, Arkansas, Procter&Gamble in Cincinnati, Ohio, Apple in Cupertino, California, Ford is in Dearborn, Michigan General motors — Detroit, Michigan Coca-Cola is in Atlanta, Georgia. And so on.
How can you assess the current business status of Moscow, did her absolute domination of a certain obstacle in the development of regions and Russia as a whole? According to first Vice-President of “OPORA Russia” Pavel Seagal, Moscow’s share in total GRP of all the subjects of the Russian Federation is growing even since 1990, and today is estimated at 20%, but this trend cannot be called negative, the regions is where to turn, and his considerable contribution to the national GDP, they certainly contribute.
Some uneven location of business centers in the country is normal. Do not forget that the tax paid was in Moscow companies still have on the Federal budget and will be distributed in all regions of presence, — said the source News.ru.
Thus, says Segal, the situation is not at all harmful to the economy: revenue, which is the largest oil and gas companies (good taxpayers), creates fertile ground for economic growth. And given the taxes collected from 19 leading regions of the Russian Federation, this gives 74% of the revenues from all regions in the Federal budget.
To understand the causes of the “spread” allows the history of the country under consideration. For example, the current territory of the USA was formed relatively recently, which was preceded by periods of land development on the Western and southern directions, — says the expert of the Academy of management Finance and investment Gennady Nikolaev.
In addition, the source continues News.ru for the United States was initially characterized by the division of labor by activity: grew mostly tobacco, some cotton, corn, sugar cane. And the Federal government was only formed after the separation from great Britain and became more or less actively participate in society until after the civil war. Thus, each region of the country has its own-conscious, and the need for a unified hub for business is completely absent.
In Russia, passing through the stage of communism, the development was different: after the change of the state ideology, it is logical to expect that the company will start to settle in the largest and closest to the Federal government city. Don’t be such radical changes in the state structure in the early twentieth century, the influence of the regions would have remained, perhaps more significant, — says Nikolaev.
According to him, in Germany for similar reasons, the business scattered throughout the country, with the exception of the former GDR: none of the 30 largest companies is not in the East. However, it is rather the exception to the rule: in most countries of the world on the capital account for at least 50% of all registered corporations, whether it be London, Tokyo or Paris.
The majority of Russian companies established after the privatization of state property of the USSR. It is the former sectoral Central administrations and management of national importance, especially in the energy and financial sector, such as savings. Basically, all these offices were in Moscow, — the Director of the Department of asset management Group ERARIUM Denis Lisitsyn.
Accordingly, sectoral Central administrations and management of national and regional importance after privatization and have remained in the regional capitals of the Russian Federation, for example, the company Tatneft. The other newly created company, usually with the participation of the state capital, is again in Moscow, where concentrated all biased in the power business. According to most of the development of business in Russia is just beginning, regions practically do not develop here — such overconcentration in the capital of major companies.
Read more •••