Every day we see the formation and disintegration of alliances and agreements and contradictions in international relations. States are moving away from ideological principles, giving preference to the strategic advantages and benefits. A similar process can be observed in the relationship of two world leaders, China and the United States, a close interaction which might threaten the interests of Russia.
A paradigm shift
Until the 1970s the US and China were in a state of deep antagonism to the Communist state launched massive repression, by definition, could not interact with the “leader of the free world”. Moreover, the United States has traditionally relied on a convenient antagonist of Beijing to the Kuomintang government of the Republic of China, located on the island of Taiwan.
The interests of the powers encountered in regional conflicts: the Korean war (1948-1953), the Chinese volunteers fought with U.S. forces, and during the Vietnam war, China supported the government in Hanoi.
The situation changed in 1971, when clearly emerged out of China from the socialist camp: after the exposure of Stalin’s personality cult China realized that the Soviet Union can no longer be called a socialist. This idea has led to deep divisions between the USSR and China, exacerbated by territorial disputes. In 1969, tension between the two countries nearly escalated into full-scale war when Chinese and Soviet troops fought for the island of Damansky. It was clear that China stands out in the new pole of power, largely opposing the Soviet Union.
Use this new balance of forces proposed by the national security adviser of the United States, a clever and far-sighted Henry Kissinger. To build difficult relationships helped and another factor: in the Asian region, the two countries had a common ally, Pakistan. It is through Islamabad (and also Warsaw) was negotiated rapprochement, initiated by Kissinger. Although the welcome extended to him in Beijing, can be called cold, countries began to interact, and in 1972 President Nixon made a historic visit to China.
The efforts of the Nixon administration continued Jimmy Carter: in 1979 the US and China established diplomatic relations and a Permanent member of the UN security Council passed from the representative of Taiwan to the diplomat from Beijing. In the same year for the first time in the history of the Vice-Premier of China, the reformer Deng Xiaoping visited the United States. This gave impetus to cooperation in many spheres: trade, scientific, cultural and of course military.
Soon, the transport ships had already transported military equipment from the U.S. to China. For China, this turn proved very useful: in 1978, the country entered the era of large-scale reforms aimed at the gradual introduction of market principles in the Communist planned economy. Although around the same time, China also established relations with the Soviet Union, it is in the interaction with the States in the Politburo of the Communist party of China saw the best prospects.
The two giants
Gradual reform soon had a positive impact on the economic power of China: liberalization of investment policy, coupled with cheap and plentiful labour turned the country into a magnet for foreign capital. Not the last role in this played a major U.S. multinational corporations, actively be moved manufacturing to China. Although relations between the two countries have never been cloudless, even the sanctions after the events in Tiananmen Square, as well as the contradictions in the sphere of human rights are unable to break the American-Chinese cooperation. The economy was more important than ideology.
On strategic cooperation between the two countries began in 2001 when, after the attacks of 11 September, China supported the us “War on terror”. In addition, China voted for security Council resolution number 1373, the company initiated the coalition in Afghanistan. Another important aspect of U.S.-Chinese cooperation was the joint pressure on North Korea, after Pyongyang decided to actively develop nuclear program by withdrawing from the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons.
All this has made the close cooperation between China and the United States an important factor in world politics, relegating Russia is experiencing an era of change, on the backburner. Active rapprochement of the two giants served and shared China’s position: he preferred quietly to increase the economic power, leaving the role of “world police” America.
The Eastern brotherhood or Chimerica?
If you look at the current situation in the notorious triangle Russia-China-USA, it becomes obvious that it is a longer shaft than crossbar. China has managed to occupy a very favorable position, which makes it necessary for both sides. On the one hand, China is the largest trading partner of the US, flooding the fertile markets for American goods.
In addition, China — the production base of the largest corporations and most modern American companies, including, for example, Apple. USA the same for China is an active exporter of capital and home to millions of overseas Chinese Diaspora, the Chinese, who are increasingly involved in the development of their historical homeland.
Economic relations between China and the United States at the moment are superior in importance and scale of the Russian-Chinese. The intertwining of the two economies became so strong that many experts have seriously started talking about the upcoming Intercontinental superpower, Chimerica.
On the other hand, we should not ignore the geopolitics. At the moment China is becoming increasingly active in addressing global issues, seeking to balance the global dominance of the United States. To do this, China needs Russia: no wonder so much attention is drawn to the BRICS and the expanding military-technical cooperation between the two countries.
Russia remains an important supplier of hydrocarbons for the huge Chinese economy and the silk road project, which is through the territory of Russia will connect Beijing and Rotterdam — cherished dream of the Chinese leadership. Wood on the fire of controversy throws trump policies seeking to protect domestic producers from Chinese rivals. In military terms, powers collided in the South China sea, which shows no sign of abating, the conflict over the Paracel Islands.
The issue of Russian-American contradictions at the moment it is still too early to talk about whose side chose China. By abstaining on security Council meetings, he, nevertheless, interested in the development of trade with the United States. Perhaps the best way is the position of China explains the traditional Chinese stratagem (cunning strategic move) “Sitting on the mountain watching the tigers fight”. She advises, while maintaining neutrality, to observe how the two potential opponents harassed each other in the fight, and then to overcome. While China copes with its role.
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