The world day of protection of habitats.

This international holiday was established by conservationists in 1979, the Bern Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats. It is intended to draw attention to the problem of conservation of wild flora and fauna of the planet.

Climate change and human activity lead to irreparable loss. According to the world conservation Union, over the last 500 years completely gone over 800 species of animals.

The day of the Russian insurer.

6 Oct 1921 was adopted by the decree of people’s Commissars “On state property insurance” which initiated the development of state insurance in our country. In the people’s Commissariat of Finance was organized by the Main administration of state insurance (now insurance).

State about 70 years in the Soviet Union was a monopoly in this area, and only in 1988, after the adoption of the Law on cooperatives in the country were created non-state insurance company.

General history of insurance in Russia has more than 230 years and has its origin from the date of signing, by Empress Catherine II in 1786 the Manifesto on the establishment of the first insurance Institute in our countries

Currently in Russia there are over 400 insurance companies, which employ more than 60 thousand insurance agents.

Day of Moscow region

Celebrated on the first Sunday of October in accordance with the law of Moscow region from 26 September 2001.

January 14, 1929 by the decision of Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Moscow province, established by Peter I in 1708, was abolished, and instead established the Central industrial region with the center in Moscow. It also includes Tver, Tula and Ryazan province. In the summer of 1929 the Central industrial oblast was renamed into Moscow.

42 years ago (1977) made the first flight of the multirole frontline fighter of fourth generation MiG‑29.

It took to the air with test pilot Alexander Fedotov. The aircraft was developed in OKB im. A. I. Mikoyan.

Entering service in 1983, the MiG-29 became the main fighter of the Russian air force. It is designed for air-combat manoeuvring and defeat both air and ground targets. The aircraft has a maximum speed of 2450 km/h and reaches a height of 18 thousand meters.

71 years ago (1948) in Ashkhabad (Turkmen SSR) was the strongest earthquake.

On the night of 6 October 1948 in the capital of the Turkmen SSR Ashkhabad, a devastating earthquake of magnitude 7.3 on the Richter scale. Its center was positioned almost directly under the city at a depth of 18 kilometers.

As a result of natural disasters killed more than 2/3 of the inhabitants of the city were destroyed 98% of the buildings. Still the exact number killed there, in Turkmenistan, is considered a significant figure, which is indicated in the book of the first President Saparmurat Niyazov “Ruhnama”: during the earthquake of 198 residents of the capital of the Turkmen SSR was lost 176 thousand people.

In addition to Ashgabat suffered a large number of settlements in Ashgabat and Gektepinsky areas and also in Iran.

This earthquake is considered to be one of the most destructive in the history of mankind. Since 1995, 6 of October is celebrated in Turkmenistan as the Day of remembrance.

102 years ago (1917) concluded the work of the last Fourth of the State Duma of the Russian Empire.

She began work November 15, 1912. In the Duma of IV convocation were elected 442 MP: 98 Octobrists, nationalists and 88 marenovyh, 64 monarchist, 59 cadets, 48 progressives, centrist, 33, 21 deputies from ethnic groups, 10 Trudoviks and 7 non-party. The Chairman of the Duma was the Octobrist Mikhail Rodzianko.

With the outbreak of the First world war formed a serious conflict between the Duma and the government, which deputies blamed for the failure of the war with Germany.

In February 1917, Emperor Nicholas II signed a decree on the dissolution of the state Duma, but despite this, its members met in private meetings.

October 6, 1917, the Provisional government decided to dissolve the state Duma in connection with the preparations for the elections to the Constituent Assembly.

251 years ago (1768) began the Russo-Turkish war of 1768-1774.

6 October 1768, the Ottoman Empire, supported by France and Austria, declared war on Russia. The reason for it was the rejection by our country of the Turkish ultimatum on the withdrawal of Russian troops from the Commonwealth.

During the war the Russian army under the command of Pyotr Rumyantsev and Alexander Suvorov defeated the Turkish troops in the battles of Cahul, Larga and Kozludzhi and Russian fleet commanded by Alexei Orlov, and Gregory Spiridov defeated the Turkish in the battle of Chios and Chesme Bay.

The Russo-Turkish war ended with the signing on 21 July 1774 Kucuk Kaynarca world. The Russian Empire ceded Azov, Kerch,

Yenikale and Kinburn, with the surrounding territories and the Crimean khanate gained independence from Turkey and passed under the protectorate of Russia. Russian Navy won the right to free passage through the Bosporus and the Dardanelles.

9 years ago (2010) left photo and video app Instagram.

A free app that allows users to take pictures and videos, and distribute them through your service and a number of social networks that was developed in California by students Kevin Systrom and Michael Krieger.

6 Oct 2010 it appeared in the app store of Apple. By December 2010, Instagram had one million registered users, and in 8 years there were already more than a billion people.

46 years ago (1973) began the Arab-Israeli armed conflict, better known as “Yom Kippur War”.

Egyptian and Syrian forces invaded Israeli territory on Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish calendar. The conflict ended after 18 days. Under the mediation of the USSR and the USA on 24 October, the fighting was stopped on the Syrian front and on October 25 at the Egyptian.

17 October 1973, several Arab countries, including Egypt and Syria, announced the termination of oil supplies to countries that supported Israel during the Yom Kippur War (in particular, USA, Canada and UK), which led to the beginning of the oil crisis in 1973. In March 1974, the embargo was lifted.

92 years ago (1927) in the U.S. premiere of the first sound film.

The film is considered to be December 28, 1895, when a Parisian cafe on the Boulevard des Capucines, the brothers Louis and Auguste Lumiere presented the world’s first short film “arrival of a train at the station of La Ciotat”.

Cinema quickly became popular. By the early 1900s years, the cinema opened in almost all major cities in the world. Despite the success of silent movies, the work to improve the cinema did not stop.

6 Oct 1927 new York premiere of the first sound film “the jazz Singer”. The picture, shot by Director Alan Crosland, was a huge success and brought the company “Warner brothers” a profit of 3 million 500 thousand dollars.

130 years ago (1889) opened in Paris cabaret night “Moulin Rouge”.

Owners Joseph Oller and Charles Zidler timed its opening to the beginning of the world exhibition and the completion of the Eiffel tower. The name of the cabaret gave a wooden windmill with wings of red, created by designer Leon-Adolphe Villette and mounted on the roof of the building.

Now “Moulin Rouge” is one of the symbols of Paris along with the Eiffel tower and the Louvre.

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