The list of areas that shape the art market and collecting, at first glance short. Hear “collector”, you know what he means painting (or wider — any art), or cars, or wine. Can you remember the coins, the books, philately, rarely collectable records. Perhaps, everything. Yes, this is understandable, but not fair at all. Palette collector areas are much richer, and each of them nourishes a small market. Many of these markets grew out of communities of enthusiasts, but eventually became completely full.
A striking example — the market paleontological rarities. To possess the remains of a dinosaur and fashionable buyers of relic bones and then become a celebrity, and auction houses hold specialised auctions (as, French Aguttes in 2018 sold nearly 9-foot dinosaur skeleton, the auction was held inside the Eiffel tower). Bones and other fossils pass into the class of design: what was once perceived as a gimmick or scientific exhibit (that is sold in the categories of curiosities paid, Nature & Science or Natural History), suddenly appears at art fairs. Experts often compare the market paleontological discoveries with the art markets, and the price of paleontology — with prices for artists.
The fact of such Association suggests that the rarity of fossils, assume a function that is traditionally assigned to art. They are unique, but recognizable, bear the imprint of history and are cheaper than comparable in size and fame of modern art (price of the most valuable copies only closer to ten million dollars, which is much lower than the record prices in the segment of contemporary art).
Experts believe that the market for collectible paleontology, 100 years ago is comparable in volume with the old masters market in Europe, is clearly underestimated. What do you mean? At the dawn of collecting collecting fossil bones was as respectable and popular activity, as well as the acquisition of the painting. But around the beginning of the XX century it became more a lot of enthusiasts and science museums. The market — sensitive organism, it exists, yet believe in him. Here and later, the old masters remain the same, and this has been, and the market of paleontology has decreased in scope and depth, has become a niche story, which is priotkryvayut again. Weaknesses of this market — the problem of the so-called black diggers, friction with the scientific community (according to scientists, these objects belong in a Museum) and a number of other challenges related to provenance. However, if we are able to achieve greater market transparency, it can become very noticeable.
Another interesting example is the primitive or tribal art, tribal art. Talking about items, created few hundred years ago either (and such items often appear in auctions) people living in isolated societies that have previously been unchanged since ancient times. First of all, it masks, sculptures and other works of art of African, American Indian and Australian tribes. Today the market is divided into two parts: things that are created in the XIX–XX centuries by the natives especially for Europeans, contact with the tribe (essentially, favors), and subjects who had a true ritual and religious significance (for example, served as a totem). The price difference can range from a few tens of dollars to several million, so the question of authenticity and provenance often has much more weight than aesthetics. Today, tribal art is sold mostly in the categories of African art, Oceanic & Pre-Columbian art, and the market for these items is one of the most stable of niche. Monopoly (it is estimated that about 90% of the market) belongs to Sotheby’s and Christie’s, their total revenues in this segment in 2018 amounted to more than $56 million, which allows us to estimate the entire market at approximately $60 million, Approximately the same figures can be found in the report 2016-2017, which shows the stability segment: financial turbulence on the momentum and the volume is almost not affected.
Unbelievable but true: one of the most dedicated communities of collectors can boast of taxidermy. Widespread in Victorian England, the beginning of the XXI century, this area of collecting has turned into a exotic, not gone however from the walls of the auction houses: in the catalogues of Bonhams, Tennants and Dreweatts, for example, from time to time you can come across entire sections devoted to him. Yes, and in the interior collections Christie’s and Sotheby’s taxidermy can be found. It can be as composition (e.g., story diorama) and utilitarian objects (like stands for canes and umbrellas from the whole leg of the elephant or rhinoceros), or objects designed to accurately preserve the appearance of the animal. With a decent provenance such lots (no matter how strange they may seem) can be a good investment. So, diorama song “Cat’s wedding”, in 2003, sold at Bonhams for $18 000, in 2016, got a new owner already more than $120 000.
One of the specific properties of the collecting — reactivity, collectors respond to all more or less significant world events and trends. The progress and development of technology has triggered the emergence of appropriate niche markets, one of the youngest — market collectibles computers items related to IT, and gadgets.
It would seem that in our time, when the model is updated at least once a year to talk about the collectible component of the older models is pointless. But in this fragility and has the value: find the first model at least Apple, even IBM, but still in working condition — not a trivial task. Sometimes passionate people are willing to spend on buying hundreds of thousands of dollars. Over time when models certain models in good condition will become less (take into account that to restore and make work a technique more complex than, say, a car), the demand for IT will grow ancient. And with it prices.
Another subsidiary market progress — objects associated with space: at auction can be bought as the Soviet “Sputnik” or the suit, and watch astronauts and photographs with their signatures. The items that were in space and associated with the history of its development, attract attention and “space” auctions consistently sell out 80-90%, on this indicator can only dream of the traditional areas. While such trading is still fairly rare (the auctions are usually collected under the iconic date), but interest in this thread indicates a high growth potential.
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