Moscow, January 28 — “News. The economy is the” Official “Internet Evangelist” of Google, Vinton CERF of many call one of the creators of the Internet. He warns that the Network will face the greatest challenges from Internet of things (IoT).
Chief Evangelist of Google, believes that one of the biggest problems facing the Internet, coming from smart connected devices. Such devices often have software that is buggy or has security vulnerabilities. Often, these deficiencies remain uncorrected, and then used by hackers. Vinton CERF is concerned about the growing number of household devices that connect to the Internet. Many of these gadgets, from cameras to cars with automatic control to connected thermostats and toasters, are already demonstrating serious software errors or security flaws.
“We are coming off this avalanche of devices … and they are potentially dangerous,” said Vinton CERF in a recent interview with Business Insider. “Software errors can cause malfunction of the devices,” he continued. “This can lead to minor problems — light does not light up or something like that. But the consequences can be much more serious.”
In addition, CERF describes the problem of addressing when each is directly connected to the Internet, your device must have a unique numeric address. When the Internet was launched, it supported 32-bit system addresses, that is, it can connect up to 4.3 billion devices.
When in the 1990s and the beginning of the Internet started to gain popularity, it became clear that 4.3 billion addresses is not enough. Engineering Council of the Internet began developing the sixth version of Internet Protocol or IPv6, support 128-bit address system. However, the standard started in 2012. “Now we see the need for 128-bit addresses. If I’d realized it sooner, then we wouldn’t have to bother with the adoption of IPv6,” says CERF.
Another important issue is the safety of the devices. Now, some data is transmitted unencrypted and this vulnerability is actively used by hackers. Confirmation of the identity of users remains a serious problem, and attackers continuously steal passwords to log into various resources, gaining access to confidential information.
One of the most popular methods of cybersecurity was established, when CERF developed protocols network. The first record of a cryptographic Protocol encryption (Diffie — Hellman) was published in 1976. A year later he developed the first cryptographic system with public key — RSA algorithm.
According to CERF, the security is the property that it is realistic to add the Internet even a few years later. Now widely used the HTTPS encryption Protocol and its implementation was relatively easy. Other protective measures such as two factor authentication, was also added later.
Among the potential dangers which the CERF is worried, there may be those that are life-threatening — for example, driverless car, Internet-connected things can have an accident due to software errors or hacking.
Unlike PCs or smartphones, the market of smart gadgets there is no dominant operating system. While the vast majority use Linux, many versions of operating systems are in the process of development. Thus, Microsoft, Google or Apple can’t just release an update of the operating system and protect the vast majority of devices simultaneously.
Moreover, manufacturers often do not update the software underlying Internet-enabled devices, especially for old models. So that security holes and other flaws are frequently overlooked.
These holes have been used in the past. In 2016, the hackers found a vulnerability in the software for security cameras and have used connected devices to create a botnet with 1.5 million devices, which hackers have used to launch several large.
There are two ways to solve the problem with errors and unsafe connection, said CERF. One of them is to develop tools that can identify devices that are running software with bugs, and fix them. Another way is to help developers create software for the Internet of things, to find bugs before the release of the gadgets on the market.
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