The Russians need to think seriously about the upcoming reclassification in connection with the impending and already actively implemented by the robotization of labor. This statement was made by Dmitry Medvedev at the plenary session “Open innovation”. Thus, society once again gave to understand that it is not excluded that soon, if not taken steps to adjust to the new digital format of Russia, many professions and labor will be replaced by artificial intelligence. However, Medvedev was quick to reassure Russians, saying that robots and fast changes should not be afraid, because our country is this not financially ready. I will win in this “battle” cars of the people — in the material News.ru.
Dmitry Medvedev, Prime Minister of the Russian Federation
It is clear that there are many robots in the world has about 2.5 million robots. But basically it is individual countries that have made choices for themselves and which to this technologically-and financially prepared — Korea, Germany, Singapore.
As the head of the government, for Russia it is time to follow the example of these countries, the need to teach professionals who are able to work with automation technology with robots. And the heavy, monotonous, low-skilled labor, and ultimately it needs to move to smart machines, the Premier said.
Soft skills — namely creative thinking, the ability to quickly solve problems — what is the need and cause robotics, will bring about changes in the education system.
The Prime Minister generally optimistic about the adaptability of national scientific thought and practice to the challenges of the time. So, as evidence of the adequacy of the Russian science base to innovative developments, he cited an example of when such tech giants as Apple, Google, Huawei and several others are literally fighting for our graduates, which will determine the face of the digital world.
In Medvedev’s speech, and during the session also surely viewed the prospects for the absence of serious contradictions in the labour market, as in this area, according to the Prime Minister, still “found the balance”.
The outputs of this bias in more high-tech specialty, flexible employment, remote work. “Nothing fatal will not come,” — promised the Prime Minister.
However, sociologists, futurists and policy does not always adhere to the “theory of conflict” between the new invasion of the robots and manipulators in everyday life and the human consciousness of the XXI century. The romantic period experience with smart machines, which we opened his eyes in amazement, learned of literary and cinematic fiction, alas, passed. It is time for “the harsh prose” of automation. Economists estimate the University of Oxford Carl Benedict Frey and Michael Osborne, who is quoted by the Economist, at least 47% of occupations will be automated before the mid 20-ies of this century. Even taxi drivers in many developed countries will disappear after some 25— 30 years; their “killers” — self-driving cars from Google — has romp in California
Co-Chairman of the Central Council of the Interregional trade Union of workers of the higher school “University solidarity”, the economist, and sociologist Pavel Kudyukin believes that the almost all the technological revolutions to oust people from production, growing unemployment, etc.
Pavel Kudyukin, an economist
In fact, every time it turned out almost quite the contrary — innovations have led to increased manpower requirements. It is clear that the current robotics is very different from all previous technological revolutions, so we can’t be absolutely sure that this time will continue to remain quite optimistic scenario.
In Japan, according to the expert, now about 30% of production is carried out using rotobot. But unemployment is not only there, but also there is a shortage of labour. Of course, the expected changes — and serious — in the structure of employment. And then we really will face, according to the forecast of the interlocutor News.ru with the need for massive retraining and re-qualification, which will require system investments.
If statesmen plot and robotization, — said Kudyukin, but not get tired of repeating their favorite aphorism, that “no money”, of course, it is wickedness. Because any self-respecting economist and even the more or less well-informed layman knows that the money in the Russian budget there’s a great deal; they just distributed wrong.
A separate issue that the government should consider — not all workers primarily because of their age, level of education and health, able to training, emphasizes the expert. And retained concerns that the first victims of robotics can be age workers. As for people from creative industries, then, in the opinion Kudykina, they robotization is unlikely to face: they are, as they say, and the creative personality, that no artificial intelligence competition they will have. As with any level of robotics will not only remain, but will be even more in demand, for example, the profession of psychologist.
The same applies to the professions of teacher and doctor, except of some purely routine functions, concludes Kudyukin.
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