37-year-old Anton Gorelkin graduated from Kemerovo state University with a degree in Journalism, worked in the newspaper “Kuznetsk region”, was own correspondent of ITAR-TASS in Kuzbass. In 2011 he became the press Secretary at the time, the head of Kuzbass Aman Tuleev, the team which has spent the last five years. In 2016, was elected Deputy of the state Duma from “United Russia”. A year later the first of the MPs started his own YouTube channel, recorded live resonance with the accusations against the alleged perpetrators of the fire in TTS “the Winter cherry”. The author of the law extending exemptions advertising of beer on TV and high-profile bill to limit the share of foreigners in news aggregators. The wife of the Deputy Anastasia Gorelkina — Vice-President on social policy, human resources and strategic development of the holding “Siberian business Union”, the President and shareholder of which is the participant of the rating of the 200 richest businessmen of Russia according to Forbes, Mikhail Fedyaev. Comprehensive income Gorelkina in 2018 exceeded 16 million rubles in marital property plot of land of 910 sq. m, penthouse, two apartments (one of them is in common ownership), as well as two Toyota Land Cruiser.
At the end of July 2019, Gorelkin in the Duma introduced a bill to “information of important Internet resources”: according to the proposal of the Deputy, IT company, who is vested the governmental Commission of the status of information important, should be restricted from foreign influence by artificially limiting the share of foreign ownership. Initiative Gorelkina brought down quotations of “Yandex”, has surprised government and scared of other technology companies, including Russian mobile operators. Forbes contacted a Deputy to them to learn first-hand why the United Russia introduced a bill that negatively affected the public position of domestic business in the field of IT and telecommunications.
IT without foreigners: as the Deputy Gorelkin scared, “Yandex”, Mail.ru and MegaFon
— How to create a bill [on nationalization IT]?
Secoproject not yet passed, it has been developed and submitted to the state Duma. 90% of people tend to see all special characters. For example, someone believes that we have made it to Friday night specifically waited until the end of the session. Even though most things happen by accident. We have made it to Friday evening, because I was able to finally finalize. I wanted to make it before, but my team, my colleagues are unable to do what suited me, we continued to work on it and so happened that I made on Friday night. I problems do not see here. We have not violated any one of the procedures and did not violate the legislation of the Russian Federation.
If you take the time from idea to implementation, then these ideas started somewhere a year and a half ago. Was my first bill, which is closely associated with this bill about limiting the share of foreign capital in the aggregators.
What team you wrote the bill?
— This is my team, my lawyers. It was my decision. We worked on the document for about two weeks. I understand that he’s not perfect, and I understand that in September, when the Duma returns from vacation, we will be using. The design that we suggested, not perfect. We offered direction. Many aspects, including professional, we will be using. I can hear the voices of the opponents and voices of support. Just voices of support, but it is also a very serious people, quiet, than those who criticize.
And who are these people?
— My colleagues in the state Duma, participants of the IT market, Institute for the development of the Internet. Many people support. I understand that the bill is debatable. Of course, I didn’t expect in the first few days will rise such a wave of negativity. I in December last year introduced a bill on news aggregators around with the same design: 80% [Russian ownership legal entities] 20% [foreign ownership]. And it has not caused any negative. Moreover, the same company “Yandex” has told that “we will comply if it will accept and change the ownership structure of news aggregators”. And the bill was passed in the first reading.
I’m consistent, this is my second bill in this direction. It is wider than the first, which applied only to news aggregators. News aggregators as a political tool, he was not interested by and large. And the new bill already linked with the money: market participants are aware that there may be some financial changes in their companies. Perhaps, therefore, was the hysterical reaction in the early days. However, I, as a former PR man, saw that this hysteria was systematic and organized. In the Wake of this hype I even decided to experiment and started his Telegram channel, where they post all the negative about yourself, comment on it, well and positive too.
— What hysterical was organized?
— I can only assume, but do not want claims. I’m quite relaxed about. People have a right to an opinion, criticism. Just as someone who has been in this industry for a long time, I see that it was an organized story. Nothing bad in this see. Yes, he expressed his opinion, even if it went somewhere on offense, but I quietly to it responded.
The human reaction to negative news has several stages — first denial, then anger, bargaining, depression, and somewhere at the end of the adoption. I think that by the stage of adoption we are in September will come. And I hope that the Committee which I represent — the Committee on information policy, information technologies and communications, he will hold on its site consultations with market participants. And we will work together to find a compromise solution.
I hope that the same “Yandex” will react in a restrained and reasonable as he responded to my December bill. No problem to get investors to deprive the company of investment, no problem of nationalization of some companies. I for one, think that the state in business is extremely inefficient Manager. I’d like to see the IT companies remained private.
And my bill is not about to make “Yandex”, as many have written, the state. This bill isn’t about that. I understand that somewhere it may not be perfect, but we are going to Refine it. There are managers who are now responsible for the development of the national project “Digital economy”, my bill is including them a question which way we will go. Let them answer it. And the bill or its acceptance is the answer. Because the project provides public investments serious. We are not talking about a direct transfer of funds refers to support through public procurement or through subsidies.
You see, when state-owned companies invest in a private company, for me it is also public investment, public funds, just in a different shell. And for me, today, from a legal point of view there is no difference between Google and “Yandex”. For me this is a company which is equally foreign at the moment. And why, for example, the savings Bank invests money in the “Yandex” and Google? I really don’t know. My bill is an invitation to debate on this topic.
Our country is one of the few who can really create a national digital economy, national IT industry. Today in our country created an awesome digital potential, we have Yandex”, we have a social network established in our country and popular even abroad. We just have to find out for yourself, we will build a national industry, or we will be a banana with a digital colony.
But it is in any case not a blow to the business. I don’t see risks that you see colleagues out of business. Let’s imagine a situation, where Russian investors are buying Facebook. I sure like my bill the Americans would take a long time.
— You wanted to discuss the bill with representatives of the IT industry. Already had this meeting?
Consultation certainly was, but given that it’s August, I think that the main burden will be in September.
I am very good attitude to the company “Yandex”. I was trying to hang the stigma that I came and collapsed shares of “Yandex”. But you, any sane trader will tell you that no collapsing stocks on their growth. It’s like a heat battery street. And in that moment, when we introduced a bill, the shares of “Yandex” has grown. It’s silly I had to roll the action. You know, they are for the year fell several times and raised, and accuse me that I have fallen off of the action — well, that was just a joke.
— You mentioned the theme of the consultations. Who were they with?
— I can say that “Yandex” we have not discussed this issue. They do not show any interest in such discussions. But I hope that in September, when the State Duma will come from vacation, we will discuss this is more professional. The discussion will not be emotional, and we come to a normal business discussion without emotion. In any case, no purpose to harm the company. I admire this company, they did a great job. But my attitude is my attitude, and here we are talking about the protection of state interests in the field of information security.
— And who then are you consulted?
— I am not prepared to name names and companies. Work is already underway, but the public stage of this work you will see at the beginning of September. I suggest you wait for September, I think there will be open consultations, expert opinions, opinions. All this will be discussed in detail with the Ministry of communications, and with market participants, I am deeply convinced of this and we are focused on this. Because of the same Mr. [Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Maxim] Akimova grabbed the word “devastating”, but he still said the word “rework”, I heard the word “modify”, and colleagues heard the word “destructive”. I do not agree that the bill is destructive.
— The Ministry of communications also criticized the bill. You did not discuss with them his?
We were not discussing it before making. The MPs communicate with the government, I have contacts with the Ministry of communications, especially with the last part, we even do joint bills connected with personal data. I had a bill early in my parliamentary career in the first year, when I entered the Duma. For our Committee of the Ministry of communications — Ministry profile. And with the relevant Ministry we will continue to work in September.
— You have consulted with the presidential administration about this bill?
— No contact with the presidential administration, I was not on this bill.
— In practice there will be a limitation of foreign capital in the information companies to be considered significant?
— We set the direction in the direction of the proposed work. For example, the ratio of shares of ownership of “80 on 20” was born out of the bill about mediation, which was adopted in December. The ratio may change during the finalization of the bill after the first reading, will amend. But there must be arguments for change.
The approach is individual. After all, it is the companies that dominate on the Russian market, which are leaders in the segments of the IT industry. Such companies can be counted on the fingers of one hand, this is not a dialogue with thousands of companies. Therefore, you can negotiate. It will be a story with two-way traffic and not so “80 20” — and what you want to do. Not until a law is passed, possible changes. Most importantly, we need to understand who you are dealing with, in whose hands are the personal data of our citizens. Border States with their CAT thing of the past, in fact IT corporations is a new state. We want to pre-define with them the rules of the game, it’s a safety issue.
— Have you assessed the damage from the outflow of foreign capital?
— I don’t see the threat of foreign capital flight. He happened to impose sanctions much earlier. And personally my position: the Russian investors should be leaders in the implementation of the project “national digital economy”.
— If the company refuses to change the structure of investors? Will there be a blocked resource?
— I believe that any lock is a very inefficient measure, I am against any locks. I’m for a more clear and feasible mechanism in this situation is the limitation of advertising, it is written in the bill. But I am sure that this will not happen and we will come to mutually acceptable decisions. Specific mechanisms and tools will be discussed in September.
20 most expensive companies web — 2019. The Forbes
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In 2018, the ecosystem of “Yandex” added services “Yandex. Cloud”, “Yandex. Dialogues”, “Yandex. Plus” and “Yandex. Drive”. In February of 2018 closed the transaction on Association “Yandex. Taxi sector” in Russia and five neighboring countries. The share of “Yandex” in the new company worth more than $3.8 billion was 59.3%. Also “Yandex” bought an aggregator of discounts “Edadil” and 83.3% of service delivery of grocery sets “Party food”.
2. Mail.ru Group
Mail.ru Group continues rivalry with Yandex to diversify an online business. In the beginning of 2018, the group bought eSports holding ESforce for $100 million, and in April launched an online service medicines, “All the pharmacies”. In the fall of 2018, the group received about 18% stake in the online taxi service “Citymobil” and agreed with Chinese Internet giant Alibaba to build an online retailer AliExpress Russia.
Largest free classified ads website in Russia was founded by Swedish Jonas Nordlander and Filip Engelbert. The service was earned mostly on the service for the promotion of advertisements. For the year 2018, the number of users has grown from 32 million to 35 million people per month. In January 2019 Fund Naspers bought 29.1 percent of the company’s shares for $1.16 billion, bringing its stake to 99.6%. So the service received a valuation of $3,85 billion
Founded in early 2000-ies Wildberries company started with the sale of clothing through catalogs. Now it is the largest online retailer, the revenue of which is growing every year. The founders, wife of Bakalchuk, once admitted to Forbes that you never imagined that will create a superproject. But by the end of 2018, the revenue of their company exceeded 100 billion rubles, and assessment of capitalization — $1 billion
5. Ozon Group
In March 2018 MTS has invested in online retailer Ozon 1.15 billion rubles, having increased its share from 11.2% to 13.7%. Later, the Telecom giant has increased its share already to 16.66%, the transaction amount was not disclosed. The funds raised Ozon invests in infrastructure and new projects. In 2018, he received a license for pharmaceutical activity and began to deliver the medication at home.
HeadHunter is a leading sites for job search in Russia and CIS countries. In 2017, the service has announced plans to go public in 2018 on the NASDAQ. He hoped to attract investors $250 million, which would mean a valuation of $500 million eventually, according to some, the deal was called into question because of the stringent U.S. sanctions, adopted in April 2018.
“Citylink” is the only online retailer on the Forbes list, which specializiruetsya in electronics trade. The company is actively increasing its presence in offline: the number of its stores increased from 44 to 80. The retailer has a network of 470 points for issuing and receiving orders “Sitilink-mini”. By the end of 2019, the company plans to increase the number of stores to 200, own collection points to 600.
In 1999, Novosibirsk businessman Alexander Sysoyev came up with to unite the city map directory. Today the service is used monthly 45 million people from 370 cities in nine countries. In 2018, the American company Apple has included data 2GIS in the standard Maps app. In addition to maps in the service of 2GIS also presented about 60 free travel guides to different countries.
The last few years, online retailer of clothing and footwear Lamoda is actively developing b2b-direction: the shops-partners had the opportunity to use the logistics and infrastructure of the company. Now on this model Lamoda has partnered with 20 major brands. In 2019 Lamoda plans to open its first offline store of almost 1000 sq. m.
In 2018 the revenues of the largest Russian online cinema ivi has increased by more than half. Pay model in its structure became the main, finally overtaking is. According to the founder of the service, Oleg Tumanov, by 2020, the ivi may go for an IPO on the NASDAQ, if you keep the pace of growth. Recently the service became available on consoles for the TV Roku in the US, Canada and UK.
Service for search and reservation of air tickets Aviasales belongs to the structure of the Go Travel Un Limited with its headquarters in Phuket. For 2018, the year its audience has grown from 10 million to 12 million unique users per month. In early 2018, the company entered the market of Kazakhstan, which earned the website aviasales.kz and in July launched together with the Amazon search portal for tours and tickets avitotravel.ru.
The idea of the service belongs to Serhiy Kuznetsov, who, as a graduate student of MIPT, worked as a tutor and in 2006 created a website for search orders “Your tutor”. Later he was joined by Egor Rudi, they combined several projects into one Profi.ru. The service earns a Commission with each service provided. In 2018 through Profi.ru carried 2.8 million orders.
Internet-shop “Onlinetrade.ru” sells products in 30 categories, including electronics, appliances, pharmaceutical and cosmetic products, furniture, clothing and even food. Its network is comprised of 390 points of delivery of the goods in 102 cities of Russia. The retailer handles more than 16,000 orders daily. In 2018 he launched in Khimki transport and logistics complex with an area of 23 000 sq. m.
Online English school Skyeng has developed rapidly over the year 2018, the number of teachers registered on the site increased from 2200 to 5440 people, and students from 19 500 to 52 500. The company’s revenue has doubled compared to the 2017 year. In January 2018 Skyeng attracted funding from the investment Fund Baring Vostok, said the deal valued the startup at about $100 million
The company originated as a joint venture Sergey Ryzhikov (Bitrix) and Boris Nuraliev (1C) and the development of a management system websites and online projects. Initially, the main income came from the sale of licenses to web design and web development (more than 15,000), but now most of it provides “Bitrix24”, which develops CRM and service management business in Russia and around the world.
Technology company that grew out of the branch of the investment company “Severgroup” Alexey Mordashov. 2017 brings together several projects in the field of education and employment: “Netology”, “Foxford”, “Repairman.ru”, FL.ru, Potok, JungleJobs. The largest project of the group — “netology-group”, included into the structure in August 2017, provides about 80% of annual revenue.
17. CYANOGEN Groups
In five years the portal cian.ru turned into blockbuster service rental and sale of real estate. Now his audience of more than 12 million people per month. In 2018 CYANOGEN announced the launch of the service a mortgage approval from banks: buyer fills out a questionnaire online, choose the suitable offer, refers to the Bank scans documents and receives the consent or waiver.
B2B-Center helps large organizations to select contractors for complex services and look for expensive industrial equipment. In 16 years on the court has been more than 1.1 million trading on 16.1 trillion rubles. In January 2019 B2B-Center has launched a B2B-Start for medium-sized businesses to participate in tenders for it, every registered company, in this case an electronic signature is not required.
The launched portal Superjob Alexei Zakharov, then owned by the developer of sites “Triumvirate development”. For 19 years, the service has not changed the founders. The company has a non-profit direction “vocational Guidance” – experts Superjob are in universities with lectures on how to build a career. According to Forbes, Superjob has a share of more than 20% in the market of online services for job search.
The service YouDo unites customers and providers of different jobs: courier services and freight, repair, cleaning, computer help. On the website generated more than 4 million jobs and was around 1 million performers, from which the fee is charged for information about their services. In 2018, MTS bought a 13.7% stake in service for $12 million Earlier in the project, invested venture Fund Sistema Sistema VC.
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