December 4 1995, Apple introduced a game console called Pippin at the computer conference in California. This console was designed to be one of the first gaming systems with online access and, unlike most competitors at the time, constituted rather a mixture of miniature computer (nettop) and the media player, not at the expense of part of the game.
The console looked promising not only with ideological, but a technical point of view: Pippin was equipped with 4-speed CD-ROM supported expandable memory (memory cards, familiar to us on the Sony PlayStation) and supported 16-bit color mode. Built-in modem that allowed you to go online and play multiplayer games at speeds up to 14 KB/s and the CPU was too powerful and was a PowerPC 603 running at 66 MHz. In addition, the system supported a keyboard and mouse and a gamepad included were wireless.
Only now Apple didn’t have the courage themselves to storm the market of gaming systems — the company’s engineers demonstrated this platform in search of wishing to license it. Cupertinos in this case, it was simply to get a percentage of sales of the console.
And such customer was found — the console became interested in the Japanese company Bandai (now Namco Bandai, the creators of the Tekken fighting game). Before its release, Apple has agreed with the Japanese cooperation, and by the time of release of the consoles representatives Bandai excitedly gave an interview in which he called Pippin “a completely new look at the personal computer and game console”.
In addition to the above “bells and whistles”, the innovations could be called the lack of regional restrictions (and before the game for the Japanese almost never worked on consoles for USA, etc.) and Apple guaranteed backward compatibility in the case of the second generation console to play old games and was even on “next-gen”console.
In Japan, the Bandai Pippin console was released long before its American announcement — the sale started in March of 1995,… and ended in a resounding failure. With all the advantages of the console, she predicted a minimum of 300 thousand przekazanych sets only in the US, but in fact an innovative console is interested in only 42 thousand buyers. And all because of the obscenely high price tag ($620 — 2 times more expensive at least cool Sony PlayStation) were not backed by any impressive games at the start or the magical Apple logo on the casing of the console.
And even six months of unlimited Internet when buying a console, Japanese are not encouraged. Moreover, at the speed of 14 KB/sec page loaded too long and the replacement home computer Pippin did not. And the developers were scared off uncomfortable (compared to the PlayStation) tools for creating games. As a result — in 1997, Apple got back Steve jobs and shut down the project completely. Since then, Apple Pippin have gained a reputation as one of the most unlucky game consoles of all time.
4 December 1987, IBM has opened the delivery of the first copies of OS/2 1.0. This system was supposed to be the most beautiful, productive and successful alternative “OSes” Mac OS. It was developed by joint efforts of IBM, a giant and a young promising then Microsoft.
The system had come to replace the prevalent, but outdated DOS but with a GUI interface, new hardware, networking, as well as many improvements in terms of safety and performance in large organizations (in the late 1980s the vast majority of computers were not yet personal).
The joint efforts of the two companies and the huge financial investment, to put it mildly, was not effective: OS/2 came out bulky, slow and not the most stable system of its time. Welcome to the IBM multitasking was “half-hearted” — initially, the system ran only one full-screen application, while the others were working in the background. Due to the low efficiency of the system layer DOS and the BIOS then a program addressed to the CPU directly, bypassing the system tools, which generated a lot of “glitches” and made the chaos in “OSes”.
Although it was in OS/2 and absolute advantages — the so-called “protected mode” control program access to memory and protect system from any damage in the process. The usual modern Windows user/admin access rights have their roots in IBM.
But Microsoft at the same time actively promoted the idea of the beauty of the system is not “inside” and “outside” — i.e., the shift from modifications of the architecture in favor of convenience. IBM with this position did not agree, so the Union of the two manufacturers very soon collapsed, after which Microsoft started to develop its own Windows, and IBM are locked in a struggle for the popularity of the new system.
Old defects were eliminated with difficulty, needs advertising OS/2 is not received, the elementary attributes of the OSes of the time (same for Notepad) in the system for a long time was not, the device cannot be connected without detailed settings (in Windows, in spite of the legendary “bugs” driver, this possibility is present), in addition, the system cost is prohibitively expensive for the average buyer.
The system gradually improved, but was not able to go beyond a highly specialized working tool of the corporations. IBM stopped supporting OS/2 on 31 December 2006.
4 Dec 2011 the German authorities have undertaken the largest evacuation due to unexploded bombs during the Second world war. For rescue operations the danger zone had to leave 45 thousand residents of the city of Koblenz: had to evacuate not only residents of private and apartment buildings, but also 7 nursing homes, 2 hospitals and inmates from the local prison.
Heavy-duty high-explosive bomb in the river Rhine was accidentally discovered by the builders. If not for abnormal water level decrease due to a rare rain — the ball would have remained hidden at the bottom. Even after 66 years after the end of military conflict battle carrier British bombing could explode at any moment. The bomb was in a very bad condition, and its detonator was located deep underground, so to access it experts have built a temporary dam at the expense of 350 sandbags.
Power bombs “Blockbuster” weighing 1.8 tons was enough to annihilate entire neighborhoods. In the rescue operation took more than 2.5 thousand people — as a result of neutralization, no one was hurt.
Germany is still considered a graveyard for unexploded bombs: every year engineers find no less than 600 tons of shells during the Second world war. Approximately 15% of the shells after the bombing of those times still lie under the ground in readiness. German experts believe that a dangerous legacy of war will be felt for at least 100 years, and today these shells are even more dangerous than before — came useless shell makes them really unpredictable. For example, in August 2015 in the German town of Kiel on school grounds was found and defused four bombs.
Russia is also not immune from such deadly surprises in July 2015 volunteer searchers from Arkhangelsk found the unexploded shells of the era of the First (!) world war. And in the territory of “New Moscow” in may found more than 800 mines that were waiting for their victims since the great Patriotic war. Most often munitions found in the territory of the factories and in the nearby forests.
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