Moscow, February 15 “News. Economy” the Internet of things (IoT) takes a prominent place among the technology trends this year, writes gmbox. Examples of use in life have mass, although many industry standards are still not fully formed.
The most obvious consumersa category of IoT devices for the smart home. Most often, the gadgets in this segment to say with the addition of the word “smart” light bulbs, thermostats, air conditioners, kettles, refrigerators, and more that people routinely use in their homes. This is one of the most popular and promising areas of application of Internet of things.
Wearable devices — one product category has caught the fancy of consumers. These include devices that are worn on the body, and are controlled gadgets using the app on the smartphone. The device, often read biometric indicators, or monitor physical activity of the carrier. The key players in this market include Apple, Samsung and Motorola — they are developing smart watches, fitness bracelets, GPS-straps, smart implants and other IoT devices.
The Internet of things in industry
In this area even uses a special term — the industrial Internet of things or IIoT. Among the best examples of the application of IoT in the industry — all kinds of sensors, software systems and big data Analytics to develop futuristic designs and accurate calculations. Intelligent machines to improve productivity and correct common mistakes people, especially those related to quality control and environmental friendliness.
This category includes self-driving cars, robots and drones that use AI to automate functions previously performed by human. This automation beyond that provided strict programming models and the use of AI allows for a more “intelligent” behavior is a much more natural interaction with the environment and with people. As robotic devices become more ubiquitous, experts expect the transition from individual self-managed devices to groups interactive “smart” things when a lot of devices will work together, whether without human intervention or such.
Smart city — concept of the new generation which provides for efficient management and ensuring a high level of life of the population through the use of innovative technologies. The idea of creating smart cities has come into our lives in 2008, when the company IBM developed the scheme of constructing new cities in the framework of the “Smart planet”, which could cope with the growing population and provide them with a high standard of living. The idea was immediately picked up by leading IT companies.
To IoT technologies include smart Parking, noise, smart lighting and roads. Although now this group of devices is largely at the development stage, it has enormous prospects. Today, the smart city programme being implemented in Amsterdam, Barcelona, Madrid, Stockholm, Chicago, Beijing, Glasgow, Dublin, in many cities of India and other cities of the world. In Russia — Moscow, St. Petersburg, Omsk, Samara, Krasnoyarsk, Voronezh, Volgograd, Nizhny Novgorod, Rostov-on-don, Kazan, Yekaterinburg, etc. However, this category of concern in connection with the threat of hackers. If hacking household kettle can be endured, hacking the urban infrastructure is extremely dangerous.
The Internet of things in energy
Increasing with each passing day the number of Internet-connected sensors and the proliferation of wireless technologies and cloud services significantly affects the transformation of the energy sector. The company has been able to accurately collect data about the resources you consume and create on their basis of new customer-oriented services.
The use of the Internet of things may lead to significant changes, transforming the traditional Electromechanical energy system to digital. The generation of electricity in this context we are talking about smart grids (smart grids) and smart meters. So, smart grid is able to automatically collect the required data and instantly analyze the circulation current. In the end, both customers and suppliers will be able to optimize the use of electricity.
The Internet of things in medicine
In the list of the best applications of IoT health care deserves a special place. The Internet of things allows to use a more personalized approach to the analysis of the patient’s health and the development of disease treatments.
In the future using the technologies of the Internet of things ambulance will be able to directly communicate with city traffic lights to control traffic on the street and clear a path. Another important development of the Internet of things medical devices for monitoring vital signs of the patient. For example, blood pressure and pulse. Many believe that the development of wearable medical devices will lead to a revolution in the Internet of things. Patients with wearable devices will be under the control of doctors, wherever they were. The doctors immediately find out if the signals from their patients has changed, and will appoint surgery.
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