Of course, the more operating systems, the worse the user. But the political games and financial issues may force some manufacturers to create their Android competitors. That’s just what should be the system that will be able to compete with the green robot on an equal footing and even defeat him?

Let’s stop wagging and acknowledge that Android in fact has become almost a monopoly. Yes, there is a popular iOS, however iOS is not a full replacement for Android because it dwells only on smartphones and tablets Apple. It’s not even the fact that you have no possibility to choose the system in smartphones one manufacturer the fact that all the choices in smartphones today — or Apple — and then only iOS, or all the rest — and only then Android.

It turns out that the letter of the law the competition is, but in the spirit monopoly. While both systems belong to the Americans and are controlled by them, and the alternative is living in… the same Android with the “castrated” Google apps in mainland China.

Complete and common Android is Google, and the activities of Google is entirely controlled by the USA. If tomorrow the US government will decide that in any country Android should be banned or limited, it should be banned or restricted. Google simply will not resist the “more expensive” as they say.

We have seen examples recently, when in 2018 the US government imposed sanctions on Chinese companies: the ban on the sale of ZTE smartphones and the ban on the supply of components by American companies, the arrest of a top Manager of Huawei.

In General, it is logical that Huawei (and not only them — Samsung and LG also make sluggish movement towards independence) are you thinking of creating your own system, which could become an alternative to Android. It is clear that in the circumstances this is a forced and emergency measure, and not dictated by market the natural solution, however, to survive as it is necessary, and preferably with minimal dependence on imagines itself as the Bastion of truth of the regulator.

However, to create your own OS is relatively easy. Much more difficult another to make it competitive and to make sure that buyers voted for her money. And here the Chinese (or someone there) will have to put a lot of effort.

Without friends me slightly, and with friends — a lot

Where will the new operating system is installed? Whose phones? Yes, Huawei can use the popularity of their devices to distribute their OS on their own. But we have already seen in the case of the same Samsung that’s not how it works. Perhaps not all readers remember, Samsung but at the time did not only on Symbian, Windows Mobile and Windows Phone, but for Bada. To sit on two chairs at the Samsung, as you can see, failed — leaving only Android.

It Bada for Samsung to become an adequate alternative to Android, but I didn’t. People just stopped buying these models (and initially bought only because externally, the interface was almost indistinguishable from the same interface extension androidphones), and the company announced the transition to Tizen and trying to motivate the developers to migrate their apps from Bada to Tizen. Nevertheless, it is of Samsung smartphone on Tizen we are still in the free market is not observable.

Nokia, incidentally, also experimented with an unpopular OS, when I realized the futility of Symbian — does anyone else remember Maemo/MeeGo?

In General, to distribute a new OS, even one very popular manufacturer little. Yes, Apple did it, but Apple rolled out its iPhone OS when Android market was not. Was clearly outdated Symbian, Windows Mobile and BlackBerry OS. In addition, the company played a cunning trick, presenting the iPhone OS as “the” OS X from desktop computers and laptops, which is well known to fans of the brand. Technically it was, but OS X apps didn’t work on the iPhone OS, and Vice versa. But as a marketing “chips” work.

So, if the OS will pick up from Huawei and other popular brands, then it can move from the dead point. Xiaomi, Oppo, Meizu — these guys, at least. And their own Huawei this thing just will not pull, especially if combined with will continue to produce smartphones on Android, which, to the fortuneteller do not go, will be much more popular.

Convenience and function

An obvious point, but without it — anywhere. Android soared amid already growing popularity of the iPhone, in particular, because the OS itself was very similar and the shell, and functions, and smartphones were cheaper. Initially, the creators tried to make any semblance of a push-button business phones of BlackBerry, but then I realized where the wind blows, so the first time androidphone were cheaper versions of the iPhone. While Android itself was still better (or at least easier) than Symbian/Windows Mobile/BlackBerry OS.

Android then began to increase the functionality much faster than iPhone OS (later renamed iOS), and androidiani was getting better. And this path will have to pass and the new operating system. That is, at the time of its release, she should be no worse than Android and get rid of the functions for which Android is criticized (mess with the memory on the microSD, greediness, confusion in the regularity of the updates depend on the manufacturer, etc.).

Application

What ended up killing Windows Phone? The absence of many applications. Microsoft “scored” on their own OS, ceased to motivate not only the third party and their courtiers, as a result, even applications from Microsoft first came out for Android/iOS or have received a newer and better version of it there, but not on a native system. Therefore, even those users who chose Windows Phone, gradually it was gone. I’ll be honest — I really like Windows Phone, I have “the collection” two go and I would love to used them. That’s just I need programs there.

Want a banking application is not the most popular Bank in the phone? A loyalty program favorite restaurant? New exciting game? Bummer, if you have a Windows Phone. Sit, poke it in its stripped-down Microsoft Office (and actual office — it’s supposed to be the main feature!). Even the official YouTube app on Windows Phone and has not appeared (not least due to the fact that Google behaved arrogantly and actively hindered). Like many other convenient and popular services of Google — type maps.

Yes, not all the troubles of Windows Phone was to blame Microsoft, but the user just would not understand — what is it and why. He chooses a system where there are the necessary apps and features. So for the new system, its creators have initially, behind the scenes to spend time, effort and money, so that after the system say “here we are, and here is our new operating system! But and apps YouTube, Vkontakte, Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, Minecraft and a ton of all — you can immediately put to use!”.

As for cross-platform support: the ability to run Android apps though will not be superfluous, after all, are unlikely to be implemented. Without licensing and regular injections of money simply will not work to support the current versions of the required APIs. And BlackBerry example, where at the time of the Android emulator worked well, and after a year or two in applications for new versions something began to “fall off” or to fail due to the curve of support for Google services, telling us “not to be a little Android” — either in whole or even not to go, because it’s a road to nowhere.

The attractiveness for developers

This paragraph is linked to the previous one, however, requires special attention. Third-party developers should be interested in developing for the new OS. But since most of them already occupied by the two OSes, porting applications to this operating system should be as simple and requiring minimal investment of time and money.

Reveal a “secret” — not all iOS apps are developed in XCode, and not all programs written for Android in Android Studio. There are cross-platform development environment, allowing you to easily sculpt code for any platform, with minimal reconfiguration. Such as Xamarin, Marmalade SDK, Unity (by the way, in Unity make not only games but also applications).

If support for the new OS appears in these development environments, the developers will be able to easily fill the library of applications of the new system. Except that they can scare away extremely probable sanctions so long — they say, will develop applications “for enemies”, will remove you from the App Store and Google Play, or covered earnings. Of course, to calculate individual developers is not easy, but to find the same programs in the “enemy” store and “democratic” — it is easy.

App store

Another point arising from the previous. All of these apps should be available to users. That is, the operating system should have its own app store. Or even the so — easy-to-use app store. So far, the Chinese shops are especially popular outside of China is not used — because the design is strange, because all in Chinese and nothing is clear. The characters scare the European user as clumsy machine translations he understands the language (interface the OS itself is also a concern, by the way).

One thing some Aliexpress that is already popular and it is already possible to buy many interesting things for a penny and the other was the launch of a new OS with a store of obscure apps that suddenly your personal data will steal. Therefore, it is equally important and the following paragraph.

Security guarantees

Perhaps the most difficult will be to convince users of the new OS is that it can be used safely and without worrying about the safety of their data. Moreover, in this espionage accuses U.S. of some Chinese manufacturers (and let’s be honest — the us charges a believe more than Chinese excuses).

However, it is possible, then I the scale of the problem and exaggerate, for example, Russian users are ready without looking and doubt to use a completely new mobile operating system comes from China, but was cheap.

Will there be cheap? After all, the OS development, but still from scratch is a very costly exercise. The cost of development is always embedded in the price of the product, and if Google can Android throw bags of money received from other spheres of activity, whether such funds from Chinese companies? Perhaps. Once they came up with free shipping any small things from China to Russia — bought some stuff for 13 rubles, and you’re taking her for free.

However, the price of smartphones to the new OS should be lower than on Android at least 5%, and 10%. So that users noticed and tried these gadgets at least out of greed (or save — as simpler).

So who in the end?

Summarizing all the above — which manufacturers will be able to create a worthy competition to Android? I regret to admit nobody. Is that going to happen some miracle or the situation really becomes hopeless. In principle, the Chinese are not used to working in minus — who knows, maybe low prices (the same AliExpress) on smartphones and presents in the form of applications and will be able to lure some of the users. But if it will prevent the entire political machine of the USA — it is unlikely that the idea will live a long time. Smartphone makers and application developers are not hurrying to quarrel with our American partners is likely to choose Android. And users simply will have no other choice.

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