On 18 July, the antitrust Commission fined Google for $ 5 billion. The Verge reviewed the case and answered the six most popular questions.
What Google has done wrong?
The European Commission decided that Google unfairly uses Android, which owns and develops to promote Google Search. The audit Commission found that Google was guilty of three violations:
- The company requires that device manufacturers have installed Google Search and Chrome in order to access Play Store and other services and applications Google.
- Google paid to large producers and operators to have their devices used by the Google search by default.
- Google did not give the opportunity to use an alternative version of Android. To install any Google apps, including Play Store and Google Search, smartphone manufacturers had to agree not to develop and not to sell any devices on the modified Android. Such, for example, is Fire OS tablets on Amazon.
And other app store cannot be installed? Why Play Store is so important?
Of course, there are devices without the Play Store and other Google apps. The same Amazon Fire, for example.
But in the Commission’s view, the Play Store is too important for Android devices. It accounts for 90 percent of all downloaded apps on Android. Moreover, the Commission stated that device manufacturers consider it a must-have app.
The European Commission believes that Google uses the Play Store as leverage to force manufacturers to install Google Search and Chrome. This, in turn, impedes competition from other search engines.
If the problem is in finding why Chrome was in that list?
At first glance, the Commission’s decision in relation to Google Chrome seems unfair. Dominates Google with a browser. But Chrome is an important tool for the Google Search, so it is also included in the solution.
Why Apple do with it?
The report of the European Commission said that it considered Android as different from iOS operating system, as it is presented exclusively on Apple devices and may not be licensed to third-party manufacturers. The Commission believes that because Google makes Android available to others, along with this she uses it to increase the market dominance of Google Search and the growth of advertising revenues.
What others think of the company?
Nothing. The Verge have turned to a variety of Android manufacturers, including Samsung, LG, OnePlus, Nokia, BlackBerry, Amazon, Motorola, Sony and HTC. Only answered Motorola, Sony and HTC, but nothing being said.
Google has 90 days to comply with the requirements of the European Commission. This means that she will have to pay a fine in the amount of $ 5 billion, to cease to force manufacturers to install Google Search and Google Chrome, and stop to prohibit the use of alternative versions of Android. Otherwise the European Commission will fine Google for 5 percent of daily income.
A Google spokesperson said the company will appeal the decision. Google also said that because of this ban Android may cease to be free.