The quality of Chinese goods often causes fears of their safety. It’s really got a problem?
Vitaly L. Mankiewicz: the Chinese produced not only clothes and shoes. They produce more than 70% of the global total of mobile phones, 60% cement, 90% of computers and their components 80% of air conditioners and so on.
If you recall, the myth of the bad products with labels “Made in China” emerged in the 1990s, when Russia began to bring cheap Chinese goods. Then the “Shuttle-business” not looking at the quality and choose the cheapest products in order to resell it at a higher price. Now the share of quality products increased. In Chinese factories high quality control, particularly in those enterprises where production is directed to exports. Known Chinese brands Xiaomi and Huawei in cases of marriage, withdraw the entire batch of product.
What Chinese products can compete with European or American?
Vitaly Mankevich: With 2014 because of the sanctions the Russian industry began the process of replacement equipment from Germany and the EU in Chinese. In the most part, it was about agricultural machinery, its quality is not inferior to the European. Basically, all global corporations base their enterprises in the production of goods or of their components in China.
If we talk about competition, Huawei, OPPO and Vivo are the third, fourth and fifth places respectively among global suppliers of smartphones, although Apple and Samsung, a decrease in market share from Huawei compared to last year growth of 58.4 per cent, OPPO and Vivo are more than 100 percent. Production in China is not limited to smartphones. Drone industry titan Dajiang Innovation occupies about 70 percent of the market of unmanned aerial vehicles as of 2015. Car production is also developing rapidly, the Chinese pipelines goes more than 24 million vehicles a year, more than the USA and Japan.
In China are working to improve the quality of goods?
Vitaly Mankevich: China is working to improve the quality of national production and is implementing a government program Made in China 2025. In the plans of China, by 2025, to make products more efficient and environmentally friendly.
A large part of the defective products supplied to us due to unscrupulous Russian customers?
Vitaly L. Mankiewicz: A lot of companies are sacrificing quality and not price. This can be observed in the segments potrebovalos, as well as clothing, shoes and cosmetics.
Is there any goods that China will never learn to produce?
Vitaly L. Mankiewicz: the Experts considered that every fifth thing is made in China. Every year there are fewer of the goods that China produces. A couple of years ago, such could include, for example, operating systems, chips, and nuclear reactors. But now Beijing has succeeded in these areas. In China, the development of metallurgy, engineering and shipbuilding, and is actively developing its own space program, by 2022 it is planned to complete the construction of the Chinese modular space station.
Does the work to check the status of products?
Vitaly Mankevich: In China, as in any other country, there are requirements and regulations that define all the characteristics of any product. Another issue is that these standards are not always acceptable to importers, because, for example, Russian GOST and Sanitary-epidemiological rules and norms define some other parameters. All the quality standards in China are divided into mandatory and voluntary. What concerns the health of the buyer, its property, and the security provided by the legal documents and regulations apply to the mandatory standards and other voluntary.
Developed unified standards of quality, applicable both in Russia and in China?
Vitaly Mankevich: Harmonization of national standards is an important task. Now in Russian-Chinese Committee of friendship, peace and development, a draft certification of Chinese medical centers in Russia. While their work does not require certification. This often leads to poor medical services. Now the President of the Institute of emergency pediatric surgery and traumatology, Professor Leonid Roshal is considering a scheme through which our Chinese assistants were able to arrange public certification of these institutions.
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